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Legal notice

CNRS – National Centre for Scientific Research

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75794 Paris Cedex 16 – France

Telephone: +33 1 44 96 40 00

Fax: +33 1 44 96 53 90

Director of publication: Antoine Petit

Editor-in-chief: Claire François

Site host: Inist-CNRS

Protection of personal data

This website has been declared to the French National Commission on Information Technology and Liberties (CNIL, notification n° 2-16046). In compliance with the French Act 78-17 of January 6th 1978 on Data Processing, Data Files and Individual Liberties (Art 34 and Art 36), known as the “Data Protection and Individual Liberties Act” (Loi Informatique et Libertés), you have the right to access, modify and delete all data concerning you online on this site.


The CNRS cannot in any way be held liable for the content of the information contained on this site or for any consequences arising from their use or interpretation.

Intellectual property

The CNRS site is a creative work that is the exclusive property of the CNRS and is protected by French and international law on intellectual property. No reproduction or representation can be carried out in contravention of the rights of the CNRS as set out in the above legislation.


The creation of hyperlinks by third parties to pages or documents disseminated on the CNRS website is permitted provided that the links are not contrary to the interests of the CNRS and that they ensure the possibility for the user to identify the origin and author of the document.

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With the aim of adapting the site according to visitor requests, the number of visits, pages viewed, visitor activity on the site and how frequently visitors return, is recorded.

Piwik, the statistics tool used by the Inist-CNRS, generates a cookie with a unique identifier which is conserved for a maximum of 13 months.

We also record your IP address to determine which town you are signing in from. This is then immediately made anonymous so the Inist-CNRS can by no means use this information to trace an individual.

This data shall neither be disclosed to third parties nor used for any other purpose. You can modify your browser’s settings so that it advises you of the presence of cookies and you can then choose to accept them or not.

You can accept or refuse the cookies on a case-by-case basis or reject them definitively. However this choice of setting is likely to modify your conditions of access to the site as it requires the use of cookies.

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